literatue Co-Witness Contamination Chapter had structure: Briefly reviewed the broad motivation for this study literature review of an article example identified that two previously used methodologies in this field would be compared in order to resolve questions about the findings of previous studies which had only used a single methodology. Thought went into literaature choice of order. In this section, relevant cognitive and social theories are discussed in order to 1 explain the occurrence of memory conformity and 2 describe factors that influence memory conformity.

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Literature reviews – Example 1

Previous literature was used to generate specific hypotheses to test. Howeverfew studies have used this methodology, and those that have, have yielded mixed findings.

Establishes significance of territory. One should not assume the results obtained from studies using stories and word lists as stimuli can literatyre generalised to forensic contexts.

Establishes a reason for this chapter and states the purpose. For each of the four explanations, followed typical structure ah This area has been surprisingly neglected until recentlyas the majority of the literature on eyewitness testimony has focussed on the effect of questions and media reports containing misleading information. Identifies which explanations are likely to be valid in explaining the results of experiments conducted for this thesis.

Introduces another question of interest and reviews what has been found so far. Stated overall objective of thesis. Further justifies the need to investigate the impact of social influences on memory.


Relevance to thesis is made clear. Provided broad motivation for interest in the area. The bulk of the chapter was on critically evaluating the different methodologies used in this field so as to identify eeview appropriate approach for investigating the research question s.

Introduction Methods Results Discussion The Introduction introduced the particular study to be reported on, and also contained a three and a half page literature review which: For example, … This section of the literature review examines factors influencing whether or not a person is likely to conform that are 1 in the situation, and 2 within the individual. Briefly reviews what has been found, and then identifies a gap.

Howeversuch a narrow focus may not fully explain how people remember ref. Supporting evidence … This suggests that the misinformation effect may be due at least partially to memory impairment, rather than just biased guessing.

Then discusses how the next researchers tried to address these problems. Motivates next part of literature review. Discusses what has been found, but points out inconsistency of results. Consequentlya great deal of research has focussed on the unreliability of eyewitness testimony refs.

It may therefore be advantageous to also investigate the effects of co-witness information using Natural Discussion Groups as this methodology has high ecological validity. Sums up what has been learned from the review of the four current theoretical explanations.


To appreciate the effects of co-witness literature review of an article example on eyewitness reports, we must examinein detail, the different methodologies that have been used to investigate this topic.

Literature reviews – Example 1 – Student Services – The University of Queensland, Australia

Theoretical Explanations of Memory Conformity 1. Reviews the chronological development of research in this area an approach that is useful at times, but not always the best. There was some comparison aricle later literature review of an article example earlier explanations and the synthesised conclusions that can be drawn. Literature Review of Relevant Artic,e The overall goals of this chapter were firstly to establish the significance of the general field of study, then identify a place where a new contribution could be made.