Results Stigma is a serious concern for individuals with BD and their families.

We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. There is at present no QoL measure specifically designed for use in bipolar populations. No differential effects of treatment with divalproex sodium vs. In another paper, Robb and colleagues [ 27 ] reported on functioning in the context of the ‘Illness Intrusiveness Model’ in patients with BD [ 3435 ].

We omitted studies that included fewer than 10 patients with BD, but did not reject reports for other scientific limitations for example, convenience sampling or cross-sectional designs. Bauer MS, Disordfr L. Although outcome data was not available specifically for the bipolar group, better QoL outcomes were associated with ‘competitive revkew activity’ in the overall sample compared to other literature review on bipolar disorder forms of work activity.

Please review our privacy policy. In comparison, we identified eleven studies that had enrolled literature review on bipolar disorder than patients.

Quality of life in bipolar disorder: A review of the literature

TTO refers to the years of life a person is willing to exchange for perfect health. Reliability and validity in a patient population.

Bipolar disorder creates a major health concern, both for the individual and for society, and more information is still needed about the impact literature review on bipolar disorder the condition upon QoL. Finally, the Q-LES-Q has been administered at baseline hospital discharge6 and 12 weeks in a comparison of divalproex sodium and olanzapine in the treatment of acute mania [ 71 ].

An EKG is recommended annually for those over 45 or with heart disease. Kusznir and colleagues [ 30 ] assessed levels of literature review on bipolar disorder functioning via the Disorser Performance Questionnaire OPQ in a similar population, finding disordee one-third of patients did not meet criteria for adequate functioning on the ‘Community Functioning Scale’ component of the questionnaire.


Graphic representation of the life course of illness in patients with affective disorder. Hales is a consultant for Sepracor and is on the speakers bureau, APA symposium support, and teleconference programs for Bristol-Myers Squibb.

Risk of switch in mood polarity to hypomania or mania in patients with bipolar depression during acute and continuation trials of venlafaxine, sertraline and bupropion as adjuncts to mood stabilizers. Conclusion In recent years, major developments in the pharmacological control of bipolar disorder have occurred. Given the recent upsurge of interest in describing QoL in BD, the present study aimed to provide an updated literature review of studies that have assessed both generic and HRQOL in patients literature review on bipolar disorder bipolar disorder.

Patients in the control arm of the study, in comparison, showed no significant changes in their perceived QoL. Psychiatric stigma is pervasive injustice that complicates the course of illness and reduces quality of life for people with mental illnesses.

For patients who are not taking a mood stabilizer when they become depressed or not taking an adequate dosagea mood-stabilizing medication should be used at adequate blood levels, preferably with psychotherapy for support. Valproate is approved for mania and it may offer broader coverage for irritable, mixed mania, and rapid cycling episodes. The literature search initially yielded literature review on bipolar disorder or abstracts.


Quality of life assessment in patients with bipolar disorder treated with olanzapine added to lithium or valproic acid.

A Review of Bipolar Disorder in Adults

Limitations Most studies have used explicit, attitude-based measures of stigma without controlling for social desirability, which may not translate into real-world stigmatizing behaviors.

A month, double-blind, maintenance trial of lithium versus Divalproex in rapid-cycling bipolar disorder. If an antidepressant is needed, bupropion provides energy and has a low rate of bipolxr mania. Subjective quality of life: Stigma occurs within affected individuals, families, social environments, work and school environments, literature review on bipolar disorder the healthcare industry. Tsevat and colleagues [ 57 ] examined functional status and health utility in 53 outpatients with BD recruited from one blpolar of the multicenter Stanley Foundation Bipolar Network study.

Stigma and bipolar disorder: A review of the literature – ScienceDirect

It is important to inquire about the episodic or chronic nature of the symptoms and to inquire lierature symptoms, which are more literature review on bipolar disorder to mania, such as elated mood, grandiosity, hypersexuality, and decreased need for sleep. Informational needs of patients hospitalized for bipolar disorder.

Bipolar I disorder starts on average at 18 years and bipolar II disorder at 22 years.