However, when writing a review in the social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be required.

While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating.

Thinking About Your Literature Review The structure of a literature review should include the following: Problem formulation — which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues?

Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 5. The Literature Review

The topic, which is commonly a research question or problem of some kind, needs to be identified literatute defined as clearly as possible. This site is extremely what is the goal of a psychology literature review. When you begin to write your literature review section, you’ll be glad you dug deeper into how the research was designed and constructed because it establishes a means for developing more substantial analysis and interpretation of the research problem.

Political Science and Politics 39 January It may be helpful to have another person read through your draft s and provide feedback. Consider Whether Your Sources revieww Current Some disciplines require that you use information that is as current as possible.

Doing Your Literature Review: How are they organizing their ideas? Systematic Review This form consists of an overview of existing evidence pertinent to a clearly formulated research question, which uses pre-specified and standardized methods to identify and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect, report, and analyze data from the studies that are included in the literautre.

Jeromy Anglim’s Blog: Psychology and Statistics

When writing, keep in mind that literature reviews are generally characterized by a summary style in which prior research is described sufficiently to explain critical findings but does not include a high level of detail if readers want to learn about all the specific details of a study, then they can look up the what is the goal of a psychology literature review that you cite and read the original articles themselves.


In composing a literature review, it is important to note that it is often this third layer of knowledge that is cited as “true” even though it often has only a loose relationship to the primary studies and secondary literature reviews.

However, sometimes you may need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body.

Typically it focuses on a very specific empirical question, often posed in a cause-and-effect form, such as “To what extent does A contribute to B?

Or the review might focus on the fundraising impact of the Internet on a particular political party. Does the work ultimately contribute in any significant way to an understanding of the subject?

How to Write a Literature Review in Psychology

For further details, please check with your faculty advisor. Read through the articles and books that you have found, and as you do, take notes.

The final stage involves writing. My Approach and Orientation Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits within a larger field of study.


When writing your review, keep in mind these issues. Different Types of Literature Reviews Literature reviews come in many forms. Anonymous October 27, at 8: If you begin to see the same researchers cited again and again, then this what is the goal of a psychology literature review often an indication that no new ideas have been generated to address the research problem.

Writing a Literature Review

Anonymous June 6, at Researchers preparing an academic publication may also find them a useful refresher. They can be one chapter of a doctoral dissertation. Be Selective Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review.

Reiew Publication Order your sources by publication chronology, then, only if the order demonstrates a more important trend. In what ways might geographers view the need for better distribution of social service agencies in large cities than how social workers might study the issue?

Don’t Just Review for Content!

For litegature, some journals such as Annual Review of PsychologyPsychological Bulletinand others typically publish full-length review articles. Theoretical Review The purpose of this form is to examine the corpus of theory that has accumulated in regard to an issue, concept, theory, phenomena.